Business Segments | Palm Cultivation

Germinated seeds are planted and the seedlings spend about a year in the nursery before being transferred to the fields. Here, the young palms are planted about nine metres apart resulting in 128 to 140 trees per hectare.


Oil palms generally begin to produce fruits 30 months after being planted in the fields with commercial harvest commencing six months later. However, the yield of an oil palm is relatively low at this stage. As the oil palm continues to mature, its yield increases and it reaches peak production in years seven to 18. Yield starts to gradually decrease after 18 years. The typical commercial lifespan of an oil palm is 25 years, after which it is no longer commercially viable for harvesting. Fully mature oil palms produce 18 to 30 metric tonnes of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) per hectare. Yield depends on a variety of factors, including age, seed quality, soil and climatic conditions, quality of plantation management and the timely harvesting and processing of FFBs.

The ripeness of FFBs harvested is critical in maximising the quality and quantity of palm oil extracted. Harvested fruits must be processed within 24 hours to minimise the build-up of fatty acids.

Plantation Management:

We have built a strong team of hands-on managers and staff who are devoted to the common objective of achieving the highest standards for our plantations. Royal is committed to the use of best management practices, which include good field and harvesting standards and timely application of fertilisers to optimise crop yields. We have also established stringent corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies and procedures to ensure that our plantations are developed in an environmentally and socially responsible manner

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